Global Public Health



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Epidemiology | Immune System Diseases | International Public Health | Maternal and Child Health | Public Health | Public Health Education and Promotion | Virus Diseases

Description, Abstract, or Artist's Statement

Trinidad and Tobago are twin islands located in the Caribbean off the coast of Venezuela. In the recent years since about 1990, citizens of this country have been greatly affected by the HIV epidemic. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus and is spread through infected seman, blood, or vaginal fluids usually through sexual intercourse. As this virus continues to progress in the body, it will eventually turn into AIDS, which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Once HIV progresses to AIDS, the outcome is ultimately fatal, hence why there is a dire need to promote awareness and methods of intervention to decrease the prevalence of HIV in Trinidad and Tobago.The most affected populations are: young African men and women aged 15-49, prostitutes, and children. Efforts to address this issue such as educating the public on safe sexual practices, and promoting getting tested regularly have been made which have helped with early detection of the virus, but there is still room for progress to be made.