PUBH-100: Global Issues in Public Health

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Epidemiology | Immune System Diseases | Maternal and Child Health | Public Health | Virus Diseases

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Nigeria has one of the largest prevalence rates of HIV infections in Africa. HIV is a communicable disease that is transmitted by bodily fluids through unprotected sex, using contaminated needles, or mother to child. The most affected populations include heterosexuals who have unprotected sex, followed by sex workers, and men who have sex with men. People will experience three stages of HIV before the last stage referred to as AIDS. Rapid diagnostic tests are used to diagnose the disease. There is no cure for HIV/AIDS. However, people with HIV are given antiretrovirals to keep HIV at a low level throughout the body. Interventions in Nigeria include, community-based organizations like educational activities, support groups, and community advocacy. There are also programs built into the education system to educate young populations about the disease and its risk factors. Due to the limited funding available not everyone can be on antiretrovirals and makes combating this epidemic challenging.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.