PUBH-100: Global Issues in Public Health

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 5-2018


Immune System Diseases | Public Health | Virus Diseases

Description, Abstract, or Artist's Statement

AIDS is a public health problem that affects the immune system of the human body which results in people getting affected by other diseases easily. This syndrome is caused by a pathogen known as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). There are numerous means of transmissions; some of which are drug use, contact with fluids like blood, semen, rectal fluids, and breast milk but the main mode of transmission is through sexual intercourse. The symptoms of HIV/AIDS include fever, rash, and night sweats. The highest number of HIV positive people are located in Africa, which is about 23.8 million people. Of those 23.8 million people living with HIV, 1.2 million reside in Ethiopia. The main spread of this disease in Ethiopia has been due to lack of education of young girls, rape, and the refusal of men to use a condom during sex. Those are all related to traditional cultures as well as the gender inequalities that exist mostly in the rural areas of the country. Social determinants contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS. These determinants comprise of housing, education, work, transportation, place, access to health services and food categories. In an attempt to decrease the spread of HIV/AIDS, public health officials have gone around educating people, especially young adults, about the prevention methods of HIV/AIDS that include limiting sexual partners and using a condom during sexual intercourse.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License